Designing a party invitation

This chapter will explain how to:

  • Type in text
  • Make corrections to the text you have entered
  • Create bold and underlined text
  • Alter the layout of text
  • Save (and load) the document
  • Print the document

Starting PipeDream

This example shows how PipeDream can be used in a typical word-processing application. To enter PipeDream from the Index starting with a blank document, select PipeDream from the Index, and press the  key. Alternatively use the short-form codes displayed on the right-hand side of the application's name, in this case by typing P.


Typing text

Type the following:

You are invited to a beano.

Notice that the cursor moves to the right as you type. The next character you type will always be typed at the position indicated by the cursor.

A short time after you stop typing, you will see the page map, on the right-hand side of the screen, change to show the new layout of text on your page.


Press the  key at the top right-hand side of the keyboard, until the word beano disappears.  backspaces the cursor over the text you have typed, removing it from the page.

Word wrap

Type the word party and then continue to type the paragraph shown below. If you make a mistake, use the  key to correct it.

When your typing reaches the right-hand margin, indicated by the symbol on the top border, just keep typing and PipeDream will automatically carry words over to the start of the next line.

You are invited to a party to celebrate the creation of my first document with the Cambridge Z88 computer. Champagne will be provided.

Adding text

PipeDream starts in Insert mode, although you also have the option of working in another mode called Overtype mode. You can change modes with the Insert/Overtype command.

In Insert mode, text is always added at the position indicated by the cursor. You can add text simply by moving the cursor to the point where you want the text added, and then typing. The cursor is moved around on your document using the four arrow keys,  at the bottom right-hand side of the keyboard.

Position the cursor after the word champagne, on the second line of the text you have just entered, press the space bar, and add the phrase:

and smoked salmon

The original text will move apart to make room for the new text, and words will wrap around to the next line at the right-hand margin to ensure that the altered text is correctly formatted.

Starting a new paragraph

After adding the new text press the  key.  moves the cursor to the beginning of the next line.

Press  twice more to leave a blank line and move the cursor down to row 5 on the page. Type the following:

Sunday 28th February at 12 o'clock.

You can use the  key to end paragraphs, insert blank lines, and separate items in a list.


The page you are working on is divided into six columns, each 12 characters wide, shown by the rows of dots and the letters A to F on the top border of the screen. These provide the equivalent to tab positions on a typewriter.

With the cursor still on row 5, press the  key exactly five times. The cursor will move to the left-hand edge of each column in turn until it reaches the left-hand side of the column labelled 'F'. Notice that as the cursor moves into each blank slot, text overlapping the slot is hidden. Now type in the text:


The text will be positioned near the right-hand side of the sheet, opposite the text already on row 5.

You can move to the previous tab position by holding down the  key and pressing Try doing this to move the cursor back into column A, at the left- hand side of the screen.

Replacing text

You can remove characters from the middle of a line by using the Delete Character command which you can give either using the EDIT menu, or by holding down the  key and pressing .

Now you decide to change the day of the party to Saturday 28th February. Move the cursor across to the S of Sunday with the cursor keys. Then, hold down the  key and press .

The S will be deleted. Keep pressing   until the word Sunday is removed. Then, type in the word Saturday to replace it.

Inserting a line

Now add a heading to the invitation. To do this, you first need to insert two blank lines at the top of the page.

Move the cursor up to the first line of your document, row 1, by pressing .

Now give the Insert Row command. You can do this either using the EDIT menu, or by typing N. A blank line will be added where the cursor was, and the remaining lines of the document will be moved down on the page.

Type N again to give two blank lines at the top of the page. Then type in the following text:

A Once-in-a-lifetime Party

Adding styles to text

You can emphasise key phrases in your text by changing the style to bold, underlined or italics. This is achieved by selecting one of the highlight commands from the PRINT menu, or by typing one of the following highlight commands:



Highlight code


for underlined text



for bold text



for italilc text


Type the command once at the beginning of the text you want to emphasise, and give the same command at the end of the text you want to emphasise, to switch back to normal text.

To emphasise the heading of the invitation, move the cursor to the beginning of the heading with the  key. Then type PB. A '2' symbol will be inserted before the text to indicate that a highlight code 2 has been inserted. Move to the end of the heading with the  key, and type PB again. Another '2' symbol will be inserted. Now move the cursor down to the next line with the  key and the heading will be displayed bold on the screen.

When you move the cursor onto the line containing highlights, the codes are displayed as highlighted numbers 1 to 8 so that you can edit them, or delete them, just like any other text characters. When you move the cursor onto another line, the effect of each highlight is shown on the screen, just as it will appear when printed out. (Italic text is displayed as tiny characters.)

Altering the layout of text

You can alter the layout of one or more lines of text in your document with one of the Align commands on the LAYOUT menu. For example, to centre a line of text, you move the cursor onto that line and then select the Centre Align command from the LAYOUT menu. Alternatively, you can type LAC.

Move the cursor onto the line containing the heading of the party invitation, if it is not there already, and type LAC. You will see the heading become centred on the page map (which always shows you the format of the page as it will appear when printed). The actual line of text will be centred on the document when you move the cursor onto the next line.

Saving your document

Once you have finished working on a document it is a good idea to save it as a file to the Cambridge Z88 RAM. You will then be able to find it again without difficulty at a later date, and there is the added advantage that documents saved to the filing system take up less space and are more secure than documents left within PipeDream.

You can save a copy of your document into the Cambridge Z88 filing system by selecting Save from the FILES menu:

  1. Press the  key until the FILES menu is displayed on the screen.

  2. Press the  key to highlight the Save command.
  3. Press  to select the Save command.

The Save command optionally allows you to save only part of your document, and therefore prompts with the following questions 

Name of file to save


Save only range of columns


Save selection of rows


Save marked block


Save plain text


Type in the name Invitation as the name of the file to be saved, so that the top prompt becomes

Name of file to save Invitation

and press  since on this occasion you do not need to select any of the other options.

A copy of the document will be saved with the name Invitation in the Cambridge Z88 filing system. You will see the file Invitation listed if you select the Filer by typing F. Press  to return to PipeDream.

If at some stage you expand the Cambridge Z88 with a RAM card, you can save a document to the extra RAM by referring to it in the file name as, for example:


Loading a document

Try loading back the document you have just saved using the PipeDream Load command.

First clear the invitation from PipeDream by giving the New command from the BLOCKS menu. If you have altered the document since you saved it, the prompt

Overwrite text?

will be displayed at the top of the display, to give you the chance to go back and save your changes. Press Y to clear the document.

Then select the Load command from the FILES menu. As in the case of the Save command, fill in the file name in the list of options. The use of ":RAM.1/" is optional so that a different RAM card may be chosen. 

Name of file to load Invitation

and press  to load the file. You should see the invitation exactly as you saved it.

Selecting the filename using the Filer

There is an easier way of selecting a file to load into a Z88 Application.

Instead of typing in the filename, the filename may be selected directly using the name from the Filer. This method may be used with most built-in Z88 applications like the Diary, PrinterEd, Panel, as well as some 3rd party software where the programmers have implemented this function like Unzip and Wordmongers XModem.

This method can be quicker and avoids the message as shown below in the Pipedream example, when a file named "wrong filename" which has not been saved is used.

The filename together with 'not found' is displayed on the top of the screen. To use this method follow the instructions as before,

Again try loading back the document you have just saved using the PipeDream Load command.

First clear the invitation from PipeDream by giving the New command from the BLOCKS menu. If you have altered the document since you saved it, the prompt

Overwrite text?

may be displayed at the top of the display, to give you the chance to go back and save your changes, but this does not always happen so don't bank on this reminder. Press Y to clear the document.

Then select the Load command from the FILES menu. In the case do not type in the filename

Name of file to load  

Select the Filer by typing 

Again you will see the file Invitation listed Move the cursor to the right so that it is over the filename required (in this case "Invitation") and then press

A small indicator will be shown on the left to show that the filname has been selected. if you press  to return to PipeDream the filename will be copied to the Name of file to load.

Name of file to load :RAM.1/Invitation

and then press  to load the file.

Printing the document

If you have a printer connected to the Cambridge Z88, you can print out a copy of the invitation with the following procedure:

  1. Select the PRINT menu by pressing the  key until PRINT is highlighted on the Menu List.

  2. The Print operation may already be highlighted as it is the first item on the menu; otherwise use the cursor keys to select it.
  3. Press  to give the Print command.

  4. Press  again to ignore the Print options and print the invitation.

You can repeat the procedure to print as many copies as you want.


To get bold and underlined text to print correctly you may need to use the Printer Editor; see Section Nine - The Printer Editor

What next?

You have just seen how the Cambridge Z88 makes it a simple matter to write text, correct mistakes, alter the layout, and print a document.

The Cambridge Z88 also enables you to compile a catalogue of information, as demonstrated in the next worked example.

web analytics